dolphin species data card

dolphin species
data card

dolphin species
Dolphin Species
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dolphin species
data card

bio acoustics  in the marine world

dolphin species

How many dolphin species are there?
What's the largest and smallest? What are their scientific names?

There are 32 different dolphin species. There are also two closely related families - the white whales (Monodontidae) and river dolphins (Platanistidae).

The most 'familiar' dolphin species is the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Bottlenose dolphins have been the mainstays of oceanariums and TV programs for decades.

The largest dolphin species is the Orca, or 'killer whale' (Orcinus orca). Male killer whales can grow up to 9.6 m (31.5 ft).

Here is a listing of the dolphin species:

order CETACEA (WHALES AND DOLPHINS)

     suborder ODONTOCETI (TOOTHED WHALES)

 

family DELPHINIDAE (DOLPHINS)
scientific name: common name:
Steno bredanensis rough-toothed dolphin
Sousa chinensis Indo-Pacific hump-backed dolphin
Sousa teuszii Atlantic hump-backed dolphin
Sotalia fluviatilis tucuxi
Tursiops truncatus bottlenose dolphin
Stenella longirostris spinner dolphin
Stenella clymene clymene dolphin
Stenella frontalis Atlantic spotted dolphin
Stenella attenuata pantropical spotted dolphin
Stenella coeruleoalba striped dolphin
Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser's dolphin
Lagenorhynchus albirostris white-beaked dolphin
Lagenorhynchus acutus Atlantic white-sided dolphin
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens Pacific white-sided dolphin
Lagenorhynchus obscurus dusky dolphin
Lagenorhynchus australis Peale's dolphin
Lagenorhynchus cruciger hourglass dolphin
Cephalorhynchus commersonii Commerson's dolphin
Cephalorhynchus heavisidii Heaviside's dolphin
Cephalorhynchus eutropia black dolphin
Cephalorhynchus hectori Hector's dolphin
Lissodelphis borealis northern right whale dolphin
Lissodelphis peronii southern right whale dolphin
Grampus griseus Risso's dolphin
Peponocephala electra melon-headed whale
Feresa attenuata pygmy killer whale
Pseudorca crassidens false killer whale
Globicephala melaena long-finned pilot whale
Globicephala macrorhynchus short-finned pilot whale
Orcinus orca killer whale
Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy dolphin

family PLATANISTIDAE (RIVER DOLPHINS)
scientific name: common name:
Platanista gangetica Ganges river dolphin
Platanista minor Indus river dolphin
Inia geoffrensis boto, Amazon river dolphin
Lipotes vexillifer baiji, Yangtze river dolphin
Pontoporia blainvillei franciscana La Plata dolphin

family PHOCOENIDAE (PORPOISES)
scientific name: common name:
Phocoena phocoena harbor porpoise
Phocoena sinus vaquita
Phocoena dioptrica spectacled porpoise
Phocoena spinnipinnis Burmeister's porpoise
Neophocaena phocaenoides finless porpoise
Phocoenoides dalli Dall's porpoise

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